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Melodiephon-Record [Hits: 7882]  Discuss on forum [0]

«Melodiephon-Record» is often called the “Russian Fonotipia”. Indeed, its label strikingly resembles the label of Italian records «Fonotipia». Such “mimicry” was common technique in “piratical” business, but in most cases pirates tried to make their records resembling «Zonophone» - look at «Zolophone», one variation of «Tonophone», «International Parlophon Record» and even «Luxophone Record» - the early label of quite lawful company «Metropol-Record», so «Melodiephon-Record» can be considered as kind of “exception to the rule”.

The known history «Melodiephon-Record» begins at July, 26 1906 when, as it is poetically written by Alexander Tikhonov in his article [1] “the technician Multop removed from press the first record, manufactured on the new St.-Petersburg’s pressing plant”. Next we learn that the full company name was the American Anonymous Company «Melodiephon», and that the introductory price was set to 4 Rubles for double-sided giant, 2 Rubles 20 Kopeks for grand, however the giants were never pressed because the company was incapable to do it. At that time the single-sided giants and grands of «Gramophone Company» were sold for the same price.

“The Company owners planned to open a public recording studio. The price was set to 50 Rubles for 12 records with recorded own voice, but it’s all was just a smoke-screen – the main stake was on counterfeit production.”[1].
According to A.I.Zhelezny [2], in 1910 «Melodiephon-Record» was transformed into «Orpheon Record», and after passing the «Copyright Law» in 1911 it was transformed into “Russian Stockholders Company of Gramophone (RAOG) . Since the head of both companies was David Aleksandrovich Finkelstein, we can safely assume that «Melodiephon-Record» was also his creation.

References:
 
Cat No▲
(Mx/Ctr No)
TakeTitle Name (Composer)Artist(s), AccompanimentRec Date
Rec Place
Label(s)Order No
[xRef Nos]
Files
8010
ItalianBaritone with Orchestra
Germont’s aria "Di Provenza il mar" (Opera «La Traviata») (Giuseppe Verdi)
Titta Ruffo, Conductor Carlo Sabajno10-1906
Milano
Melodiephon-Record, Gramophone Co.2-52529
(9060b)
8042
Italian, Polish
Fin la stanotte (Opera «Mefistofele») (Boyto)
Adamo Didur, Giovanni Zenatello, acc. orchestra20-02-1906
Milan
Melodiephon-Record, Fonotipia39509
(xPH 1631x)
8043
Italian, Polish
Ballad of the world (Ecco il Mondo) (Opera «Mefistofele», act 2) (Boyto)
Adamo Didur, acc. orchestra20-02-1906
Milan
Melodiephon-Record, Fonotipia39510
(xPH 1628)
8051
ItalianTenor with Piano
Do not wake me up (Ah, non mi ridestar) (Opera «Werther», act 3) (Jules Massenet, lyrics by Édouard Blau, Paul Milliet and Georges Hartmann)
Alessandro Bonci, acc. piano09-07-1906
Milano
Melodiephon-Record, Fonotipia39698
(XPh 1993)
8074
ItalianTenor with Piano
Flower Song (Il Fior che aveni a me tu dato) (Opera «Carmen», act 2) (Georges Bizet)
Alessandro Bonci, acc. piano16-06-1905
Milano
Melodiephon-Record, Fonotipia39240
(XPh 307)
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